Tick paralysis is a loss of muscle function that results from a tick bite.
Insect bites and stings can cause an immediate skin reaction. The bite from fire ants and the sting from bees, wasps, and hornets are most often pai...Read Article Now Book Mark Article
Hard-bodied and soft-bodied female ticks are believed to make a poison that can cause paralysis in children. Ticks attach to the skin to feed on blood. The poison enters the bloodstream during this feeding process.
Ticks are bugs that can attach to you as you brush past bushes, plants, and grass. Once on you, ticks often move to a warm, moist place on your body...Read Article Now Book Mark Article
Muscle function loss is when a muscle does not work or move normally. The medical term for complete loss of muscle function is paralysis.Read Article Now Book Mark Article
The paralysis is ascending. That means it starts in the lower body and moves up.
Walking abnormalities are unusual and uncontrollable walking patterns. They are usually due to diseases or injuries to the legs, feet, brain, spinal...Read Article Now Book Mark Article
Paralysis may cause breathing difficulties, which may require the use of a breathing machine.
Breathing difficulty may involve:Difficult breathingUncomfortable breathingFeeling like you are not getting enough airRead Article Now Book Mark Article
The child may also have mild, flu-like symptoms (muscle aches, tiredness).
Exams and Tests
People can be exposed to ticks in many ways. For example, they may have gone on a camping trip, live in a tick-infested area, or have dogs or other animals that can pick up ticks. Often, the tick is found only after thoroughly searching a person's hair.
Finding a tick embedded in the skin and having the above symptoms confirms the diagnosis. No other testing is required.
Removing the tick removes the source of the poison. Recovery is rapid after the tick is removed.
Full recovery is expected following the removal of the tick.
Breathing difficulties can cause respiratory failure. When this happens, the body's organs do not have enough oxygen to work well.
The words "respiratory" and "respiration" refer to the lungs and breathing.Read Article Now Book Mark Article
When to Contact a Medical Professional
If your child suddenly becomes unsteady or weak, have the child examined right away. Breathing difficulties require emergency care.
Use insect repellents and protective clothing when in tick-infested areas. Tuck pant legs into socks. Carefully check the skin and hair after being outside and remove any ticks you find.
If you find a tick on your child, write the information down and keep it for several months. Many tick-borne diseases do not show symptoms right away, and you may forget the incident by the time your child becomes sick with a tick-borne disease.
Aminoff MJ, So YT. Effects of toxins and physical agents on the nervous system. In: Daroff RB, Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, Pomeroy SL, eds. Bradley's Neurology in Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 86.
Bolgiano EB, Sexton J. Tickborne illnesses. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2018:chap 126.
Cummins GA, Traub SJ. Tick-borne diseases. In: Auerbach PS, Cushing TA, Harris NS, eds. Auerbach's Wilderness Medicine. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 42.
Diaz JH. Ticks, including tick paralysis. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, Updated Edition. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 298.
Review Date: 4/4/2019
Reviewed By: Liora C. Adler, MD, Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Joe DiMaggio Children’s Hospital, Hollywood, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.